Here is an example of an error that you may encounter when running an application compiled for Mac OS X For example, to compile an application that should work on Mac OS X The Instead, download and install TextWrangler, a freeware text editor that can highlight Pascal syntax, even highlight script file syntax. Once you've started using Neo you'll never want to use the plain X11 version of OO again. Unix and Open Source downloads. Apple provides downloads of numerous free applications, many of which have been ported from Unix and run under X11, such as the venerable Gimp. Use open to start an application or open a file from the command line.
For example, to open a Pascal file in the current directory in TextWrangler, enter the following:. Launch it whenever you want to see messages or errors outputted to the console by GUI apps for example, when they crash. Invaluable for debugging. Use otool to display information about an executable file or library. For example, enter the following to see information about Lazarus:. Use these apps to create disk image. See Deploying Your Application for more information. You can drag and drop Disk Utility on the dock.
Use Script Editor to edit, compile and run AppleScript files. Use osascript to execute an AppleScript command or file from the command line or from a script file. For more information, enter man:osascript in Safari once you have Sogudi installed see above. Here are some equivalents. For more information about a command, enter man: command in Safari once you have Sogudi installed see above.
Many software projects use external libraries to complement their functionality. If one of these libraries is utilized, one should simply add the corresponding import unit to the uses clause and start using the library. To use other open source libraries which aren't included with Mac OS X, the easiest way is by grabbing a pre-compiled library from the application bundle of popular open source applications. FreeType for example is included inside the application bundle from Gimp in the path Gimp.
Another option is downloading the source code from the library and building it manually, but compiling a C library is usually an unpleasant task for Pascal developers. So, again in the previous example, let's say that an application requires the FreeType library.
One can grab the libfreetype. To properly link the application the Free Pascal command line option "-Fl.. The linker will then find the library in this location and read the install path which is written inside it. At runtime the linker will search for the library in this install path. It can be utilized with the following command line command:.
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It should return the written path. When building the application bundle, we should copy the libfreetype. Now the application can be built, the bundle and be built and then the application can be run and it will load the library correctly from the application bundle. For using libraries, which were installed using fink, you need to add the path to the libraries.
The resulting application is fine for distribution with fink, but in order to run without fink, you have to make a "standalone" version. There are several possibilities to achieve this, one of them will be outlined here: First copy the. Beware of the fact that the libraries can itself call libraries from fink. You have to adjust them as well.
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Another important point of libraries from fink is, that they have only one architecture, i. For a universal application, you have to combine single architecture libraries with lipo. This provides a wealth of information detailing system hardware which can be useful when debugging user issues or simply optimising your application eg to take advantage of threads on multi-core CPU systems.
Lazarus will create an application tuned for a single CPU. With the carbon version of the lcl, this is either PowerPC or Intel i 32bit.
You may want to distribute your application as a 'Universal Binary', allowing users that may have either a PowerPC or Intel computer to use the program. Next, you need to stitch these two executables together using the OS X program "lipo" installed with the other OS X developer tools required by Lazarus. For example, consider two versions of the application 'myprogram'. You can then combine these two to a univeral application by running this command:.
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Before macOS Sierra users had the option to allow the installation of applications from "anywhere", "the App Store" and "identified developers". From macOS Sierra on, the "anywhere" option was removed. Thereafter, clicking on an application to run it results in a scary dialog being presented to your users stating: "YourApp can't be opened because it is from an unidentified developer. Your security preferences allow installations of only apps from the App Store and identified developers".
The only dialog option is to close it. Users can still run your application, but they have to know they can right-click or control-click on your application and then they get another scary dialog stating "YourApp is from an unidentified developer. Are you sure you want to open it?
Beginning with macOS Mojave This software needs to be updated. Contact the developer for more information. Beginning with macOS If your application is not notarised, your users get the very scary dialog stating: "YourApp can't be opened because Apple cannot check it for malicious software. The steps to notarize an application are described in the article Notarization for macOS They can be initialised in three ways.
Setting pyTivo to launch on startup automatically and in the background on Mac OS X is relatively easy.
I have left the older instructions for OSX To setup pyTivo to launch on startup automatically, you can use launchd to launch the pyTivo file on More detailed instructions about creating launchd. If you choose to compile your own FFmpeg instead of using the downloadable version mentioned above you can compile FFmpeg with a program called MacPorts. Download and run the MacPorts installer package to install on your system. You will also need XCode Developer Tools installed.